IST Number Theory (2015)

Venue: KSOM, Kozhikode
Dates: 5th - 17th Oct, 2015


Convener(s) Speakers, Syllabus and Time table Applicants/Participants


School Convener(s)

Name Prof. M. Manickam

Prof. S.D. Adhikari

Mailing Address The Director,
Kerala School of Mathematics,
Kunnamangalam, P.O
Kozhikode – 673571, Kerala
Harish-Chandra Research Institute,
Chhatnag Road, Jhusi,
Allahabad -211 019


Speakers and Syllabus 

 Topics covered by Dr. Thangadurai, HRI

  1. b-ary Expansion
    Existence of b-ary expansion of real numbers, non-uniqueness of the representation for rationals, classification of rationals, Motivation to Gauss conjecture about the periods and generalization of Gauss Conjecture by E. Artin.
  2. Continued fractions.
    finite, simple continued fractions, properties of the kth convergent, existence of infinite continued fractions for irrational numbers, classification of quadratic irrationals, computation of infinite continued fraction expression for e using Pade approximation method.
  3. Well-ordering Principle, weak and strong Induction equivalence.

Topics covered by Prof. B Ramakrishnan, HRI

  • Lecture 1: Arithmetical functions; several examples, multiplicative, additive functions, Mobius identity, Dirichlet convolution of arithmetic functions, some properties of $\mu(n)$, $\varphi(n)$, $\Lambda(n)$.
  • Lecture 2: Properties of Dirichlet convolution and its applications, viz., proving certain identities, evaluating the convolution and proving multiplicative property; Asymptotic estimates (Arithmetic means; Summatory functions); certain applications of these estimates; big O and little o notation; the logarithmic integral.
  • Lecture 3: Euler summation formula and applications; partial sums of $\log n$ and Stirling's formula for $n!$ as an application; integral representation of the Riemann zeta function; Abel summation formula.
  • Lecture 4: Relation between asymptotic mean and logarithmic mean; Dirichlet series and summatory functions (Mellin transform representation of a Dirichlet series); finding average orders of certain arithmetical functions using convolution method, especially $\varphi(n)$, $\mu^2(n)$, $d(n)$.duction equivalence.

Topics covered by Prof. S. D. Adhikari, , HRI

  • Lecture 1: Congruences modulo an integer, Some results on finite fields, basic congruences modulo a prime.
  • Lecture 2: Lagrange theorem for polynomials over Z/pZ, quadratic congruences, there are infinitely many primes of the form 4n+1, 4n-1 - statement of Dirichlet's theorem on primes over an A.P. , solution of some diophantine equations.
  • Lecture 3: Chinese Remainder Theorem, some related problems.
  • Lecture 4: Quadratic reciprocity law - an elementary proof, related problems.

Topics covered by Prof. S. A. Katre, Savitribai Phule Pune University

  • Lecture 1: No. of primesis infinite. No. of primes of the form 4n- 1 is infinite.Statement of Dirichlet's Theorem on primes in A.P.. Large primes and their application in RSA Cryptography. Information about polynomial time algorithm for primality testing by Manindra Agrawal, Statement of prime number theorem and Bertrand's postulate, Introduction to Chebyshev's Lambda, psi and theta functions.
  • Lecture 2: Relation between psi and theta functions. Application of Abel's identity to get relations between theta function and \pi(x) function. Equivalence of the asymptotic results for \pi(x), \psi(x) and \theta(x).
  • Lecture 3: Proof for the upper bound for theta function and application this upper bound to the Chebyshev bounds: n/6 log n < \pi(n) < 6n/log n.
  • Lecture 4: Proof for the upper and lower bounds for psi function and their application to the proof of Bertrand's postulate. Discussion about the relation of PNT with the nonvanishing of the Riemann zeta function on x=1. (Some part also covered in the tutorial time.)Application of Mobius Inversion Formula for getting a formula for the n-th cyclotomic polynomial was discussed in tutorial time.


  1. Introduction to Analytic Number Theory by Tom M. Apostol, UTM, Springer, 1976 (Narosa, Indian Edn.) (Chapter 4)
  2. Introduction to the Theory of Numbers, I. Niven, H. S. Zuckerman and L. Montgomery, John Wiley & Sons, 1991. (Chapter 8, Section 8.1)
  3. An Introduction to the Theory of Numbers, G. H. Hardy and E. M. Wright, sixth edition, Oxford University Press, 2008.

 Topics covered by Prof. M Manickam, KSOM

Existence of finite Fourier series for periodic arithmetic function. The construction of such function like Ramanujan function, the function $s_k(n)$.Gauss sum associated with quadratic character and derive the reciprocity law for quadratic symbol. Quadratic Gauss sum and the reciprocity of
the quadratic Gauss sum using Residue theorem.Primitive roots and their existence.

Topics covered by A. Mukhopadyaya, IMSc, Chennai

Dirichlet Character and Dirichlet Prime Number Theorem

Registration: 9:00 AM - 9.30 AM on 05-10-2015

Time - Table

Date 9:30-11:00 11:00-11:30 11:30-1:00 1:00-2:30 2:30-3:30 Tutorial 3:30-4:00 4:00-5:00 Tutorial
05-Oct-15 RT   BR   RT, AK, BK   BR, AK, BK
06-Oct-15 RT BR RT, AK, BK BR, AK, BK
07-Oct-15 RT BR RT, AK, BK BR, AK, BK
08-Oct-15 RT BR RT, AK, BK BR, AK, BK
09-Oct-15 SA SDA SA, AK, BK SDA, AK, BK
10-Oct-15 SA SDA SA, AK, BK SDA, AK, BK
11-Oct-15   Tea Break   Lunch Break   Tea Break  
12-Oct-15 SA   SDA   SA, AK, BK   SDA, AK, BK
13-Oct-15 SA SDA SA, AK, BK SDA, AK, BK
14-Oct-15 AM MM AM, AK, BK MM, AK, BK
15-Oct-15 AM MM AM, AK, BK MM, AK, BK
16-Oct-15 AM MM AM, AK, BK MM, AK, BK
17-Oct-15 AM MM AM, AK, BK MM, AK, BK


  1. A. Mukhopadyaya, IMSc, Chennai - AM
  2. S. A. Katre, University of Poona, Pune - SA
  3. S. D. Adhikari, HRI, Allahabad - SDA
  4. M. Manickam, KSOM, Calicut - MM
  5. R. Thangadurai, HRI, Allahabad - RT
  6. B. Ramakrishnan, HRI, Allahabad - BR


  1. Mr. Aravind Kumar, HRI, Allahabad - AK
  2. Mr. Balesh Kumar, HRI, Allahabad - BK
Actual Participants


Sr. SID Full Name Gender Affiliation State Position in College/ University University/ Institute M.Sc. /M.A. Year of Passing M.Sc./ M.A Ph.D. Deg. Date
1 2542 Mr Bikash Chakraborty Male University of Kalyani WB Junior Research Fellow University of Kalyani 2013  
2 2554 Mr Subhajit Jana Male University of Kalyani WB PhD Student IIT Bombay 2010  
3 2588 Ms J Mahalakshmi Female Sri Sarada College for Women TN Ph.D Student Sri Sarada College for Women 2014 11/28/2014
4 2594 Ms. R. Malathi Female Sri Sarada College for Women   PhD Student Govt. Arts. College for Women 2013  
5 2604 Mr. Anjan Debnath Male University of Madras TN PhD University of Madras 2012  
6 2609 Mr. Subhash Chand Male Karnataka State Open University Karnataka Student Karnataka State Open University, Mysore Appeared  
7 2652 Dr. Satyanarayana Reddy Arikatla Male Shiv Nadar University UP Assistant Professor Andhra University 1995 7/29/2012
8 2704 Mr. Jinarul Haque Shaikh Male University of Kalyani WB P.hd University of Kalyani 2012  
9 2958 Mr Geno Kadwin J Male Bharathidasan University TN PhD Bharathidasan University 2011  
10 2960 Mr. Sayantan Ganguly Male Birla Institute of Technology,Mesra Jharkhand MSc Student Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra Appeared  
11   Mr. Adersh V K   TKM College of Arts & Science, Kollam,  Kerala Assistant Professor      
12   Ms. Krishnaveni   Zamorin's Guruvayurappan College, Calicut  Kerala Assistant Professor      


 How to reach

Kerala School of Mathematics (KSOM) is located at a distance of about 15 Kms from the city centre (train/bus stations) situated off the Kozhikode-Medical College-Kunnamangalam bus route.Prepaid auto counter is available at Railway Station itself
   (Near 1st number Platform).